Cystoscopy means to look in the bladder, "cysto" means bladder and "scopy" means to look at. This procedure can be done in the office or the operating room and involves placing a small scope into the urethra and then inside the bladder. Often, fluid is placed through the scope and into the bladder to gently open the bladder to visualize the internal walls and structures of the bladder.
This procedure may be done if the patient complains of any of the following symptoms:
- Blood in the urine
- Bladder pain
- Urinary incontinence or retention
- Frequency or hesitancy of urination
- Immediately post procedure (i.e. hysterectomy, anterior repair, urethral sling)
It may also be helpful to look for the following:
- Inflammation in the wall of the vagina
- Indicators of interstitial cystitis
- Foreign bodies
- Function of the ureters
- Bladder wall abnormalities
The doctors in our practice always do a cystoscopy after a hysterectomy and any procedure involving repairs around the bladder. This is to insure that the bladder is functioning normally and that there has been no injury to the bladder. It also helps to reassure the patient that their bladder is normal and without any abnormality. Occasionally, abnormalities are picked up on the cystoscopy and a plan can then be made to take care of the problem.